It is praised for its relative safety, and especially for the Karpass Peninsula, its well-preservation. A united Cyprus gained independence from British rule in August 1960, after both Greek and Turkish Cypriots agreed to abandon their respective plans for enosis (union with Greece) and taksim (Turkish for "partition"). A buffer zone under the control of the United Nations stretches between Northern Cyprus and the rest of the island and divides Nicosia, the island's largest city and capital of both sides. In fact, on their travel money website you can You can also exchange money at one of the many banks in Northern Cyprus. [93], Economic development is adversely affected by the continuing Cyprus problem. Â, Most businesses do accept payments in English Sterling, Euro and US Dollars, and there are many Bureau de Exchanges offering competitive rates all over the country. Â, The Turkish Lira is relatively weak against most foreign currencies, another reason why visitors prefer North Cyprus as an attractive holiday destination, with a full course evening meal costing no more than 25 Euro’s at most restaurants, beverages included.Â. The agreement involved Cyprus being governed under a constitution which apportioned Cabinet posts, parliamentary seats and civil service jobs on an agreed ratio between the two communities. Is it easy to exchange currency in North Cyprus? Approximately 1,500 Greek Cypriots and 500 Turkish Cypriots remain missing. These included measures for trade and €259 million in aid. In the elections of January 2018, the right-wing National Unity Party won the most seats in the Assembly, and the current government is a coalition of the National Unity Party and the centrist People's Party. There are no major halls built specifically for theatre in Northern Cyprus, so plays often take place in conference halls. On 2 August 1975, in the negotiations in Vienna, a population exchange agreement was signed between community leaders Rauf Denktaş and Glafcos Clerides under the auspices of United Nations. [76] It is led by a Brigadier General drawn from the Turkish Army. [17], On 21 December 1963, shots were fired at a Turkish Cypriot crowd that had gathered as a Greek police patrol stopped two Turkish Cypriots, claiming to ask for identification; two Turkish Cypriots were killed. [108], Air transport is a major route of entry into Northern Cyprus. [85], The medoş tulip (Tulipa cypria) is a notable species that is endemic to Northern Cyprus; it is only found in the villages of Tepebaşı/Diorios and Avtepe/Ayios Simeon, and is celebrated with an annual festival. [51], The Greek Cypriot and Maronite communities, numbering 343 and 118 respectively as of 2014, are denied the right to vote in presidential, parliamentary and municipal elections or run for office. The narrow Kyrenia mountain range lies along the northern coastline, and the highest point in Northern Cyprus, Mount Selvili, lies in this mountain range with an altitude of 1,024 metres (3,360 ft). [186][187], In the 1960s, Turkish Cypriot theatre started to be institutionalised. Summer is hot and dry enough to turn low-lying lands on the island brown. [36], Denktaş resigned in the wake of the vote, ushering in the pro-settlement Mehmet Ali Talat as his successor. I was rather astounded to find that Lloyds Bank recommend US Dollars as the approriate currency for North Cyprus. [38] As a result, the Turkish Cypriot electorate became frustrated. [66] A number of high-profile formal meetings have also taken place between Turkish Cypriot presidents and various foreign leaders and politicians. Northern Cyprus is divided into six districts: Lefkoşa, Gazimağusa, Girne, Güzelyurt, İskele and Lefke. However, the inception of Turkish Cypriot theatre in the modern sense is considered the staging of the play "Vatan Yahut Silistre" ("Homeland vs. Silistra") by Turkish playwright Namık Kemal in 1908. Currency in North Cyprus . The currency is the Turkish Lira, with a constantly fluctuating exchange rate. [105][106] Amateur radio operators sometimes use callsigns beginning with "1B", but these have no standing for awards or other operating credit. Before this date the Cyprus Pound (CYP) was the official currency of Cyprus. [141], The Government of Northern Cyprus estimates that the 1983 population of Northern Cyprus was 155,521. Since 1st January 2008, the euro has been the official currency of the Republic of Cyprus, replacing the Cypriot pound (also known as the lira) at a fixed rate of 0.585274 Cypriot pounds to 1 euro. The figure for non-citizens, including students, guest workers and temporary residents stood at 78,000 people. These donkeys, under the protection of the Turkish Cypriot government, are free to wander in herds over an area of 300 square kilometres (120 square miles)[87] The donkeys have earned a strong image for the peninsula, which is also home to a rich fauna and relatively big forests. [91], Northern Cyprus uses the Turkish Lira as its currency which links its economy to that of Turkey's. The official currency in North Cyprus is the Turkish Lira (TL), which is made up of 100 new Kurus (pronounced “Krush”). These include the Fast Break Sport Club in Turkey's Men's Basketball Regional League; the Beşparmak Sport Club in Turkey's Handball Premier League; and the Lefke European University Turkey Table-tennis Super League. [121] Direct scheduled and charter flights take place from other countries, but with mandatory stopovers in Turkey. [citation needed], There are 644 Greek Cypriots living in Rizokarpaso (Dipkarpaz) and 364 Maronites in Kormakitis. The Turkish Army maintains a large force in Northern Cyprus. The European Union decided in 2000 to accept Cyprus as a member, even if it was divided. Lefke District was established by separation from the Güzelyurt District in 2016. There are over 29 sport federations in Northern Cyprus with a total registered membership of 13,950 6,054 been registered practitioners for, taekwondo-karate-aikido-kurash, with shooting having 1,150 (registered) and hunting having 1,017 (registered) members. Other dishes are based on meat wrapped in flat bread such as lahmacun. There are 15,000 students in EMU representing 68 nationalities. Currencies such as US Dollars, British Pounds or Euro are usually accepted in shops or restaurants in Kyrenia or other cities in North Cyprus. The official currency of North Cyprus is Turkish Lira. or just bring Sterling cash with you and change in a bureaux de change 4.6 = £1 here today. Cyprus: A troubled island. [18] Almost immediately, intercommunal violence broke out with a major Greek Cypriot paramilitary attack upon Turkish Cypriots in Nicosia and Larnaca. In 1963, the Greek Cypriot wing of the government created the Akritas plan which outlined a policy that would remove Turkish Cypriots from the government and ultimately lead to union with Greece. In the time leading up to Cyprus becoming a member, a new government was elected in Turkey and Rauf Denktaş lost political power in Cyprus. [77], The presence of the mainland Turkish military in Cyprus is highly controversial, having been denounced as an occupation force by the Republic of Cyprus and the international community. [28][29] Turkey claimed that under the 1960 Treaty of Guarantee, the coup was sufficient reason for military action to protect the Turkish Cypriot populace, and thus Turkey invaded Cyprus on 20 July. [162] Girne American University, in the northern coastal city of Kyrenia, opened a campus in Canterbury, United Kingdom in 2009,[163] and was accredited by the British Accreditation Council in 2010. There are many currency exchange offices in all of the major towns, all of which will change Sterling to Turkish Lira. The short spring is characterised by unstable weather, occasional heavy storms and the "meltem", or westerly wind. UN Security Council resolutions 353, 357, 358, 359, 360, and 365, all from 1974. A coup d'état in 1974, performed as part of an attempt to annex the island to Greece, prompted the Turkish invasion of Cyprus. [citation needed] A pledge by the EU to lift the embargo on Northern Cyprus in the wake of the Annan Plan referendums has been blocked by the Greek Cypriot government.[36]. I most likely will have Euros since we will be in Cyprus for a week. The official currency in Northern Cyprus is the Turkish Lira, which comprises of 100 new Kurus. It was hoped that Cyprus's planned accession into the European Union would act as a catalyst towards a settlement. The new Turkish lira sign is sometimes mistaken with € sign. Here is information about currency: The currency of Cyprus is Euro (EUR). Industry (light manufacturing) contributes 22% of GDP and agriculture 9%. Response from Cemaliye M, Owner at North Cyprus Tour Guide. Should I bring Turkish Lira with me to North Cyprus? Read more. Since the Republic of Cyprus joined the Euro zone and the movement of peoples between the north and south has become more free, the Euro is also in wide circulation. However, the pro-settlement side and Mehmet Ali Talat lost momentum due to the ongoing embargo and isolation,[37] despite promises from the European Union that these would be eased. [152] Alcohol is frequently consumed within the community and most Turkish Cypriot women do not cover their heads; however headscarves are still worn on occasion by public figures as a symbol of the inhabitants' Turkish culture, or simply as a conservative form of dress. The coup caused a civil war filled with ethnic violence, after which it collapsed and Makarios returned to power. [187] This was followed by a proliferation of theatrical activity in the Turkish Cypriot community as local plays were written and staged and theatrical companies from Turkey took the stage in Cyprus by the 1920s, all the major towns in Cyprus had Turkish Cypriot plays that were performed regularly. or just bring Sterling cash with you and change in a bureaux de change 4.6 = £1 here today. International telephone calls are routed via a Turkish dialling code (+90 392) as Northern Cyprus has neither its own country code nor official ITU prefix. [88] The beaches of Northern Cyprus also include sites where hundreds of loggerhead turtles and green turtles lay eggs, which hatch at the end of the summer, followed by observers.[86]. The official language is Turkish, with a distinct local dialect being spoken. The poetry of this generation was characterised by the appreciation of the Turkish Cypriot identity as distinct from Turkish identity and the identification of Cyprus as the Turkish Cypriot homeland instead of Turkey, in contrast to the previous nationalist poetry. [16] On 30 November, Makarios legalised the 13 proposals. Currency New Turkish Lira . Northern Cyprus Bitcoin, Crypto Cash, Cryptocurrencies, Bitcoin Exchange Currency. The most popular sport in Northern Cyprus is football. Maronites do elect the leader of their village, whilst Greek Cypriots have two appointed leaders, one by the Turkish Cypriot government and the other by the Republic of Cyprus. Of the 178,000 Turkish Cypriot citizens, 82% are native Cypriots (145,000). As a result, Cyprus entered the European Union divided, with the effects of membership suspended for Northern Cyprus. Quickly have a read of this dynamic online e-brochure, illustrating some of the many highlights of the island’s hidden wonders. [30][31] On the basis of the Agreement, 196,000 Greek Cypriots living in the north were exchanged for 42,000 Turkish Cypriots living in the south[32] (the number of settlers was disputed[33]). [91] The economy of Northern Cyprus is based on a free market approach[92] and it became the top country in Europe in entrepreneurial intent to start a new business in 2014. Turkish Cypriot poetry is based on both the effects of Turkish literature and the culture of the island of Cyprus, along with some reflection of the British colonial history. [160] EMU is a full member of the Community of Mediterranean Universities, Federation Universities of Islamic World, International Association of Universities and International Council of Graphic Design Associations,[161] and was ranked as the best university in the island and among the top 500 in Europe by Webometrics. Several United Nations Security Council resolutions have called on the Turkish forces to withdraw. If you’re found with fake euro banknotes the police will be called and you may be prosecuted. [117][118], The share of the transport and communications industry in the GDP of Northern Cyprus is constantly varying; it decreased from 12.1% in 2008 to 8.5% in 2011, but rose again to 9.3% in 2012. [107] Out of the 145 hotels in Northern Cyprus, 99 were in the Girne District in 2013. [97], Despite the constraints imposed by the lack of international recognition, the nominal GDP growth rates of the economy in 2001–2005 were 5.4%, 6.9%, 11.4%, 15.4% and 10.6%, respectively. The country’s official currency is the Turkish Lira, the symbol for which is abbreviated as ₺ or TL. WHY EXCHANGE IN NORTH CYPRUS? View all currency exchange rates throughout the day and take advantage of currency fluctuations as they occur. [135] These results were disputed by some political parties, labour unions and local newspapers. What is the official currency in North Cyprus? North Cyprus Tour Guide, Kyrenia: See 10 reviews, articles, and 31 photos of North Cyprus Tour Guide, ranked No.13 on Tripadvisor among 30 attractions in Kyrenia. [36] The proposed settlement was opposed by both the president of Cyprus, Tassos Papadopoulos, and Turkish Cypriot president Rauf Denktaş; in the referendum, while 65% of Turkish Cypriots accepted the proposal, 76% of Greek Cypriots rejected it. The Greek-Cypriot inhabitants are still supplied by the UN, and Greek-Cypriot products are consequently available in some shops. The currency used in North Cyprus is the Turkish Lira (TL). A leading theatre group named "İlk Sahne" (First Stage), founded in 1963, was renamed the Turkish Cypriot State Theatre in 1966, and has since performed more than 85 plays. [25], On 6 July 1974, Makarios accused the Greek government of turning the Cypriot National Guard into an army of occupation. It returned a total population of 294,906. ", Beyond Numbers: An Inquiry into the Political Integration of the Turkish 'Settlers' in Northern Cyprus, "Botschaft der Republik Zypern in Berlin – Zypernfrage", "Students Flock to Universities in Northern Cyprus", "Near East University – Mercin – Turkey –", "(Edu) Turkish Cypriot President Opens Girne American University'S Campus In Canterbury. [169][170] Turkish Cypriot culture also incorporates a great diversity of folk dances with various influences, including different versions of karsilamas, çiftetelli and zeybek. To get the best exchange rate, we recommend that you do not get your currency in the UK, but wait until you get to North Cyprus and exchange your money at one of the Exchange Bureau when you get here. Turkish Cypriots filed a lawsuit against the 13 amendments in the Supreme Constitutional Court of Cyprus (SCCC). All property purchases are conducted in Pounds and the contracts will be drawn up in Sterling. The unit of currency in North Cyprus is Turkish Lira (TL). [15] After the resignation of the president of the SCCC, the SCCC ceased to exist. Northern Cyprus (Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs), officially the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC; Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti, KKTC), is a de facto state[5] that comprises the northeastern portion of the island of Cyprus. The Supreme Court of Cyprus (SCC) was formed by merging the SCCC and the High Court of Cyprus, and undertook the jurisdiction and powers of the SCCC and HCC. The Security Forces Command is lightly armed and heavily dependent on its mainland Turkish allies, from which it draws much of its officer corps. What is the currency of Cyprus? [186] After the 1840s, as the Ottoman Empire started modernising, theatre with greater European elements met with the Turkish Cypriot public. [186][188] Theatre is currently a very popular form of art in Northern Cyprus, with long queues forming for tickets of the plays in the Cyprus Theatre Festival, and the number of theatre-goers constantly increasing.[189]. In 2004, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe gave observer status to the representatives of Turkish Cypriot community. You get better value for your Euros, British Pounds and US Dollars, as the rates are relatively more competitive than leading UK travel money providers, and there are no commission charges. [98][99] The real GDP growth rate in 2007 was estimated at 2%. [72] Since May 2004 some tourists have taken to flying to the Republic of Cyprus directly then crossing the green line to holiday in Northern Cyprus. [175], The nationalism gave way to a notion of Cypriotness in the 1970s, with the influence of Yaşın, Türkay and Yalçın. Northern Cyprus is also well known for several dishes; among them are kebabs made of skewered lamb (şiş kebab) or ground with herbs and spices and made into a kofte or şeftali kebab. This was followed by an increased adoption of the Mediterranean identity in the 1980s, accompanied by the effects of the liberalisation of the Turkish Cypriot society, as reflected in the feminist elements, of which a particular example is Neriman Cahit.[175][177][178]. They were first opened in the 1990s, and have since become very popular with visitors from Turkey and the rest of the island, where casinos are banned. Praeger/Greenwood p.58, Feridun, Mete, Sawhney, Bansi and Shahbaz, Muhammad (2011) "The impact of military spending on economic growth: the case of North Cyprus. There are 8 different coins: €1, €2, 5c, 10c, 20c, 50c, 1c, 2c. [24] On 28 December 1967, the Turkish Cypriot Provisional Administration was founded. Higher Education Planning Evaluation Accreditation and Coordination Council (YÖDAK) of Northern Cyprus is a member of International Network for Quality Assurance Agencies in Higher Education (INQAAHE). Tourism is considered as one of the driving sectors of the Turkish Cypriot economy. The Orthodox Greek Cypriots in Rizokarpaso, Agios Andronikos and Agia Triada chose to stay in their villages,[34] as did also Catholic Maronites in Asomatos, Karpasia and Kormakitis. [14] On 21 May, the president of the SCCC resigned due to Makarios's stance. On 15 July, Makarios ignored the decision of the SCCC. [101] The unemployment rate declined through the 2010s and was at 8.3% in 2014. Helpful. The currency is the Turkish Lira, at the time of writing £1 was equivalent to10TL Most shops will also accept Pounds and Euros. [81], A relatively unspoiled part of the Mediterranean Basin biodiversity hotspot, Northern Cyprus has considerable ecological diversity, containing a variety of terrestrial habitats. [113] The peninsula is home to several sorts of tourism: it hosts the Bafra Tourism Area as a center for beach-goers, where four luxurious and large hotels were built until 2014, several facilities and regular festivals that highlight its rural qualities and exhibit local traditions, a remote natural park, the Kantara Castle attracting sightseers, and a marina that was built to host international yachts and boats, along with large facilities. Their remains were found in a well in Cyprus in October 2006. [110] The tourism sector has seen great development in the 2000s and 2010s, with the number of tourists more than doubling, increased investment and hotel construction; official estimates of income derived from tourism were around 700 million US dollars in 2013 and the total bed capacity was estimated to be around 20,000. Responded Mar 30, 2017. What Currency Is Used In North Cyprus? Applicable for transactions up to the amount of EUR20,000 or the equivalent in any other currency. [40] In addition there are further twelve sub-districts divided between the five larger districts and twenty-eight municipalities. İktisatbank lets you view and exchange foreign currencies online. North Cyprus, (KKTC/Kıbrıs), Lefkoşa, Girne, Mağusa... Quoted in Andrew Borowiec, 2000. In 1963 President Makarios proposed unilateral changes to the constitution, via 13 amendments. [164], Northern Cyprus regularly participates in international Robocup competition, and took 14th place out of 20 in 2013. The scene in North Cyprus has hit seriously dizzy heights over the last few years, welcoming a mix of holiday makers and serious players alike. What currency is used in North Cyprus? [142] Estimates by the government of the Republic of Cyprus from 2001 place the population at 200,000, of which 80–89,000 are Turkish Cypriots and 109,000–117,000 are designated as Turkish settlers by the Republic of Cyprus. Turkish Cypriot cities and towns regularly organise festivals that include performances of local and international singers and bands. [64] The United Nations considers the declaration of independence by Northern Cyprus as legally invalid, as enunciated in several of its resolutions. [145], Northern Cyprus is almost entirely Turkish-speaking. Such reports have never been scientifically or statistically scrutinised, despite opportunities of opposition parties to do so using the electoral rolls in their possession, thereby continuing a "war of numbers". [52][53], World Happiness Report 2016 of United Nations' Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) ranked Northern Cyprus 62nd among 157 countries. The Cyprus Turkish Peace Force is deployed principally along the Green Line and in locations where hostile amphibious landings might take place. [citation needed] Similarly with the internet Northern Cyprus has no top level domain of its own and is under the Turkish second-level domain The president is elected for a five-year term and is currently Ersin Tatar. [124], Direct flights to Northern Cyprus and the trade traffic through the Northern Cypriot ports are restricted as part of the embargo on Northern Cypriot ports. Northern Cyprus has an area of 3,355 square kilometres (1,295 sq mi), which amounts to around a third of the island. [126] Direct charter flights between Poland and North Cyprus started on 20 June 2011. is the one-stop shop for North Cyprus holidays 2020, offering over 80 hotels in Kyrenia and Famagusta, cheap flights to Cyprus from 18 UK airports to both Ercan Airport and Larnaca Airport, private airport taxi transfers and car hire. "[47], Freedom House has classified the perceived level of democratic and political freedom in Northern Cyprus as "free" since 2000 in its Freedom in the World report. The winter in Northern Cyprus is cool and rainy, particularly between December and February, with 60% of annual rainfall. If you decide to buy a property in Northern Cyprus it is better to open a bank account as well. In particular, disputes over separate municipalities and taxation created a deadlock in government. NCI. Vegetarian cuisine includes stuffed vegetable based dishes "yalancı dolma" or many other dishes made with a bean or pulse such as börülce which consists of Swiss chard cooked with black-eyed peas. Banks and Currency in North Cyprus. When the entry points with the Republic of Cyprus were closed, the applications were made either through middlemen or through consulates and embassies of Cyprus in other countries. The documentary film Kayıp Otobüs (The Missing Bus), directed by Turkish Cypriot journalist Fevzi Tașpınar, was aired on the TRT TV as well as participating in the Boston Film Festival in 2011. Apply to transactions of Bank of Cyprus (excluding the Bank's branches at airports) and orders for transactions entered through of 1bank. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Assembly of the Republic. [154], In 2013 there were 63,765 university students from 114 countries in nine universities in Northern Cyprus. [citation needed], The majority of Turkish Cypriots (99%) are Sunni Muslims. [143] An island-wide census in 1960 indicated the number of Turkish Cypriots as 102,000 and Greek Cypriots as 450,000. The biggest money is 100 New Turksih Lira (YTL). This resulted in the eviction of much of the north's Greek Cypriot population, the flight of Turkish Cypriots from the south, and the partitioning of the island, leading to a unilateral declaration of independence by the north in 1983. A co-production of Northern Cyprus, Turkey, Britain and the Netherlands, Kod Adı Venüs[180] (Code Name Venus) was shown in the Cannes Film Festival in 2012. Currency - What is the currency in North Cyprus? 75 kilometres (47 mi) to the north of Northern Cyprus lies Turkey with Syria lying 97 kilometres (60.3 mi) to the east. The main currency of North Cyprus is the Turkish Lira although Sterling, Euros and Dollars are widely accepted on larger purchases (rather than in a small village shop buying bread!) Due to its lack of recognition, Northern Cyprus is heavily dependent on Turkey for economic, political and military support. The Turkish Air Force, Turkish Navy and Turkish Coast Guard also have a presence in Northern Cyprus. The revenues gained by the education sector in 2011 was $400 million. Northern Cyprus has around 7,000 kilometres (4,300 miles) of roads, with two thirds of these roads paved. [42][43][44] Other experts, however, have pointed out to the independent nature of elections and appointments in Northern Cyprus and disputes between the Turkish Cypriot and Turkish governments, concluding that "puppet state" is not an accurate description for Northern Cyprus. During this period, the so-called "1974 generation of poets" arose, led by poets including Mehmet Yaşın, Hakkı Yücel, Nice Denizoğlu, Neşe Yaşın, Ayşen Dağlı and Canan Sümer. Snow has been known to fall on the Kyrenia Range, but seldom elsewhere in spite of low night temperatures. [103] The Northern Cyprus Water Supply Project, completed in 2015, is aimed at delivering water for drinking and irrigation from southern Turkey via a pipeline under the Mediterranean Sea.[104]. This was due to their view of Rauf Denktaş, the pro-independence Turkish Cypriot President, as the main stumbling block, but also due to Greece threatening to block eastern EU expansion. Northern Cyprus is under an international embargo as the Republic of Cyprus, as the internationally recognised authority, has declared airports and ports in the area not under its effective control closed. What is the official currency in North Cyprus? Turkish Cypriots formed paramilitary groups to defend the enclaves, leading to a gradual division of the island's communities into two hostile camps. [84] Among these species are 30 of the orchid species that are endemic to Cyprus. The Security Forces Command consists of an 8,000 strong force primarily made up of conscripted Turkish Cypriot males between the ages of 18 and 40. Historically, it was shaped around the tradition of weddings, the primary social gatherings at the time. Between 2002 and 2007, Gross National Product per capita more than tripled, from US$4,409 in 2002 to US$16,158 (in current U.S. [133][134], The third official census of Northern Cyprus was carried out in 2011, made under the auspices of UN observers. [80], 56.7% of the land in Northern Cyprus is agriculturally viable. TOPLAM", "Kıbrıslı Türkler Kaç Kişi – Kıbrıs Postası Gazetesi – Haber Merkezi", "Indigenous Turkish Cypriots just over half north's population", "Census in north marred by delays and doubts", "TC'den para isterken 700 bin diyorlardı", "Is the Turkish Cypriot Population Shrinking? A yearly increase in the number of applications for such passports of 10–15% was observed in years prior to 2001, when the rate greatly increased and 817 were issued in the first eight months of 2001 as compared to 448 for the whole of 2000. EMU is an internationally recognised institution of higher learning with more than 1000 faculty members from 35 countries. The degree of the integration of mainland Turks to the Turkish Cypriot community varies; some identify as Turkish Cypriots and have culturally integrated, while some embrace a Turkish identity. The local currency here is Turkish Lira , yes you can use other currencies , BUT you'll be at the mercy of the retailers exchange rate and your change will be in Lira. [22] Widespread looting of Turkish Cypriot villages prompted 20,000 refugees to retreat into armed enclaves, where they remained for the next 11 years,[23] relying on food and medical supplies from Turkey to survive. 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